Design, Code, Performance, Usability, Accessibility

Recently I switched from create-react-app (CRA) for creating and publishing react apps and components to rolling my own build solution using Vite, Vitest, and Typescript.

Creating, Testing, and Publishing React components with Vite

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Recently I switched from create-react-app (CRA) for creating and publishing react apps and components to rolling my own build solution using Vite, Vitest, and Typescript. CRA provided an excellent start for creating basic react applications, but it lacked the flexibility I needed to customize component development and builds to meet my specific needs. I've been hearing great things about Vite, So I decided to try it and was not disappointed. Here is a basic outline of what this involved; I will get into more details in a future post.


*Vite (French word for "quick", pronounced /vit/ , like "veet") is a build tool that aims to provide a faster and leaner development experience for modern web projects.

Vite.js is a super easy-to-use next-generation build tool from the creator of VUE Evan You. The build times are ridiculous (it’s fast), super simpler to config, and it improves the Frontend Developer experience making it a great replacement for the sometimes slow but very popular Webpack.


Powered by Vite, Vitest also has a dev server under the hood when running the tests. This allows Vitest to provide a beautiful UI to view and interact with your tests.

Vitest is a new addition to the application testing ecosystem from the Vite/Vue team, and like Vite, it brings a fast, modern, and simple testing experience to developers. Setup is fairly simple, couple of lines of code, to be honest, a nominal cost for the speed and features it provides.

What's more is that if you use Jest, Chai, or React Testing Library and are concerned with having to learn a new API. Vitest test is compatible with these frameworks which is a huge plus. It also offers a UI to view and interact with your test/code in the browser, SWEET!!!

Scaffold a React component with Vite

npm create vite@latest
# Select a framework >> react
# Select a variant >> react-ts

To create a new react component using Vite run npm create vite @latest and follow the on-screen prompts; select react from the framework option and typescript for variant the react-ts . I use npm, but you can switch out the commands with those of your preferred package manger tool.

If you prefer to skip the prompts simply run npm create vite@latest component-name -- --template react-ts

Once created CD into the component folder and run npm install to download the required packages from NPM. Since I use a Lerna to manage my monorepo, I use the lerna bootstrap command to install and symlink dependencies. Be mindful of this if you are working with a mono-repo tool like NX or Turborepo, as package installs are usually handled by the toolset.

// npm start
"scripts": {
    "start": "vite --open",

Fire up the app in development by running npm run dev in your terminal to run and view your component. I usually edit my npm scripts to add a start command "start": vite --open; this is not necessary, just a personal preference.

Testing with Vitest

# install required packages
npm i -D vitest jsdom c8

At the time of this writing, Vite does not come with test built in a minor oversight, hopefully, it will be added soon. Since we are going to need let's add it ourselves by running npm i -D vitest @vitest/ui jsdom c8 , JSDOM is required for dom mocking and C8 for code coverage, so we install those also.

# additional packages
npm i @testing-library/jest-dom @testing-library/react @testing-library/user-event @types/react-test-renderer react-test-renderer

Add some additional plugins including the testing-library (jest-dom, react, and user-event), we will go into details about each one of these do later. Please run npm start to verify that everything went well with your installation.

Vitest Setup

One of the main advantages of Vitest is its unified configuration with Vite. If present, vitest will read your root vite.config.ts to match with the plugins and setup as your Vite app. For example, your Vite resolve.alias  and plugins configuration will work out-of-the-box.

Okay, so we have now installed everything we need and confirmed that our react app is running in our dev environment. Let’s set up a basic test.

Create a new file in your src/test called setup.ts to add jest-dom support @testing-library/jest-dom support.

import '@testing-library/jest-dom'

import matchers from '@testing-library/jest-dom/matchers';
import { expect } from 'vitest';


Now let's add a config file for vitest. Create a new file in your root directory, name it vitest.config.js, and copy and paste the following code into the file. You can check the docs for additional config info

/// <reference types="vitest" />
/// <reference types="vite/client" />
import { defineConfig } from 'vite'

export default defineConfig({
  test: {
    globals: true,
    environment: 'jsdom', // add jsdom
    setupFiles: './src/test/setup.ts', // setup includes
    coverage: { // config coverage
      reporter: ['text', 'html'], // generate coverage reports
      exclude: [ // dont test the following files

Write your first test

We are going to write a simple test to see if our app renders correctly. Create a file in your src directory and name it src/App.test.tsx and copy and paste the code below into it.

import React from 'react';

import { describe, expect, test, it  } from 'vitest';
import { render, screen  } from '@testing-library/react';

import App from '../App'
describe('App renders correctly', () => {

  test('renders without crashing', () => {
    render(<App />);

You may need to modify App.tsx to include the React library, fixes any missing react errors.

//import { useState } from 'react'
import React, { useState } from 'react'

Next, add a test command vitest to your npm scripts section in your package.json, and run npm run test. This will fire up your test in watch mode and output results in your console.

"scripts": {
 "start": "vite --open",
 "dev": "vite",
 "test": "vitest"

Text output.

✓ src/App.test.tsx (1)

 Snapshots  1 written
Test Files  1 passed (1)
     Tests  1 passed (1)
      Time  114ms

 PASS  Waiting for file changes...
       press h to show help, press q to quit

Additional test scripts

Now let's add some additional test script utilities to leverage the benefits of Vitest

  • test:ui open your test in the browser-based interactive interface provided by Vitest "test:ui": "vitest --ui",
  • test:coverage allows you to view test coverage (watch mode disabled --run ) "test:coverage": "vitest --run --coverage",
  • test:ui:coverage runs both UI/Coverage test in watch mode "test:ui:coverage": "vitest --coverage"

"scripts": {
 "start": "vite --open",
 "dev": "vite",
 "test": "vitest"
 "test:ui": "vitest --ui",
 "test:coverage": "vitest --run --coverage",
 "test:ui:coverage": "vitest --ui --coverage"

Package Build scripts

I use two build scripts; one for application builds and the other for creating my npm packages. The first npm run build comes with Vite out of the box. The second npm run build:package I create for packaging components for NPM.

Create a new file vite.package.config.ts in to root directory and copy and paste the code below into the new file. For more info on the config setting, check out the docs here.

/** @format */

import { defineConfig } from "vite"
import react from "@vitejs/plugin-react"
import dts from "vite-plugin-dts"
import { resolve } from "node:path"

export default defineConfig({
  plugins: [react(), dts(
    {insertTypesEntry: true,}
  esbuild: {
    logOverride: { "this-is-undefined-in-esm": "silent" }
  build: {
    outDir: resolve(__dirname, "./lib"),
    sourcemap: true,
    // minify: 'terser',
    lib: {
      entry: resolve(__dirname, "src/index.ts"),
      name: "Component",
      fileName: "index"
    rollupOptions: {
      external: ["react", "react-dom"],
      output: {
        compact: true,
        globals: {
          react: "React",
          "react-dom": "ReactDOM"


Next, add the following command to your scripts section of your package.json file run npm run build:package

"build:package": "tsc && vite build --config vite.package.config.ts",
"scripts": {
 "start": "vite --open",
 "dev": "vite",
 "build": "tsc && vite build",
  "build:package": "tsc && vite build --mode package --config vite.package.config.ts",

Publishing to NPM

Almost forgot we are going to publish to NPM, as such your build:package command should have thrown errors as we still need to make a couple more changes to the app. Create the file for your build/lib/entry parameter of your vite.package.config.ts file src/index.ts. The export should point to your component. Replace component-name with the name of your actual component.

// index.ts

export { default as Component } from './components/component-name';

Next, add the following to your package.json file. These will point package users to the files they need to import when consuming your package(s).

"main": "./lib/index.umd.cjs",
"module": "./lib/index.js",
"types": "./lib/index.d.ts",
"exports": {
  ".": {
    "import": "./lib/index.js",
    "require": "./lib/index.umd.cjs"

Try running npm run build:package again. Everything should be working fine now.

> @fpkit/fp-button@0.2.2 build:package
> tsc && vite build --config vite.package.config.ts

vite v3.0.0 building for production...
✓ 11 modules transformed.
lib/manifest.json   0.10 KiB
lib/index.js        20.87 KiB / gzip: 6.20 KiB
lib/    66.03 KiB
lib/manifest.json   0.10 KiB
lib/index.umd.cjs   14.23 KiB / gzip: 5.62 KiB
lib/ 64.65 KiB

[vite:dts] Start generate declaration files...
[vite:dts] Declaration files built in 2179ms.

Example Component

import React from "react"

/* Defining the props that the Button component will take. */
export interface ButtonProps extends React.ButtonHTMLAttributes<HTMLButtonElement> {
   * The type of the button.
  type: "button" | "submit" | "reset"

   * Button label/content
  children: React.ReactNode

   * Button styles and props
  styles?: object

   * button classes
  classes?: string


const Button = ({

}: ButtonProps) => {

  * If the button is not disabled, then call the onClick function
  const handleClick = (e: React.MouseEvent<HTMLButtonElement>) => {
    if(!disabled) {

/* Returning a button element. */
  return (

export default Button

Vite React Typescript Starter Template

I have created a Vite React Typescript starter template on github click here to clone to your own repository or you can use degit to copy to copy to you machine degit shawn-sandy/vite-react-ts-kit


Please check out the links and resources below for additional info.

Vite Next Generation Frontend Tooling. Get ready for a development environment that can finally catch up with you.

Vitest Blazing Fast Unit Test Framework. A Vite-native unit test framework. It's fast!

Testing Library | Testing Library Simple and complete testing utilities that encourage good testing practices

Jest Jest is a delightful JavaScript Testing Framework with a focus on simplicity.

Chai Chai is a BDD / TDD assertion library for node and the browser that can be delightfully paired with any javascript testing framework.

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